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Students on campus
What can I do with this major?




Social/Community Services

  • Research
    Fund Raising
    Volunteer Coordination
    Grant Writing

Nonprofit organizations

Social service organizations

Public interest research groups


Mental health agencies

Develop excellent verbal and written communication skills. Gain related work experience. Volunteer in relevant organizations. Obtain master's degree in social work or counseling as well as applicable state licensure for therapy positions.

Become familiar with grant writing techniques.


  • Clergy

Local churches or synagogues

District, regional, national, and world denominational headquarters

Religiously affiliated schools, colleges, and universities

Local, national, and international mission fields

Religious organizations

Obtain appropriate seminary training for clergy positions. Become certified through a denomination for specialized staff positions. Gain related experience through volunteering with local churches or religious organizations. Develop applicable foreign language skills for international mission work. Seek leadership positions in campus religious organizations. Complete an internship or summer position with a religious camp or missionary organization.


  • Teaching
    Student Affairs

Colleges and universities

Adult education programs

Vocational-technical educational programs

Professional or graduate schools including Medical

Obtain a doctorate degree for opportunities in teaching and/or research.

Develop one or more concentrations, such as mathematics, medical or business ethics, science, or religion. Gain related experience through internships, volunteering, or part-time employment. Earn a master's degree in a specialized area (e.g., Library and Information Sciences, College Student Personnel, or Counseling). Seek campus leadership positions such as peer mentor or resident assistant.


  • Public Policy
  • Research
  • Regional Planning
  • City Management
  • Intelligence
  • Foreign Service
  • Law Enforcement
    Legislative, Executive, or Judicial Services
  • Program Administration
  • Elected or Appointed Leadership
  • Campaign Management
  • Staff Administration
  • Special Interest
  • Advocacy

Federal, state, and local government

Commission on Civil Rights

Consumer Product Safety Commission

Department of Energy

Federal Communications Commission

Foreign Service

Federal Municipal Archives

National and State Endowments for the Humanities

Legislative, executive, or judicial officials

Political action committees

Special interest groups

Political parties

Campaigns (national, state, or local)

Become familiar with federal, state, and local job application processes. Supplement curriculum with courses in political science, public administration, or business. Complete an internship in government or related area. Serve in model United Nations. Become involved in student government. Participate in cultural groups and organizations. Write for campus publications focused on national and international affairs. Develop skills in computers, statistics, and data analysis.

Acquire foreign language competency and travel experience for international positions. Earn a graduate degree in political science or public administration for advancement. Volunteer with the staff of a government official. Participate in local or national campaigns.


  • Medical
  • Environmental
  • Research


Medical and professional schools

Colleges and universities

Consulting services

Research organizations

Health science funding agencies

Environmental agencies

Obtain Ph.D. for most positions. Participate in related professional organizations.

Join debate groups. Develop excellent research skills. Hone verbal and written communication skills


Law firms


Federal, state, and local government

Private practice

Special interest groups


Obtain law degree. Develop excellent research and writing skills. Participate in debate or mock trial. Maintain a high grade point average. Gain experience through part-time employment or internships in legal settings.


  • Editing
  • Technical Writing
  • Journalism
  • Advertising
  • Public Relations

Publishing companies

Magazine and newspaper companies

Professional and trade associations

Advertising agencies and departments

Electronic media organizations

Serve on college newspaper staff. Develop excellent writing and desktop publishing skills. Take courses in journalism, advertising, public relations, or English. Gain related experience. Become a student member of a related professional group.


  • Management
    Human Resources
    Market Research

Business firms

Insurance companies


Retail stores

Marketing research departments or organizations

Real estate companies

Minor in business. Gain related experience through internships or part-time jobs.

Obtain leadership role(s) in campus organization(s). Develop computer skills in word processing, database management, and spreadsheet programs.

Strategies for placement in Philosophy 

  • Philosophy students develop many transferable skills that can be can be utilized in a variety of careers and jobs, demonstrating the flexibility and capacity for growth that employers find valuable. These skills include analytical, organizational, research, as well as oral and written communication skills.
  • Other related skills that are attractive to employers are idea generation, problem formulation and problem solving, diverse data integration, adaptation to change, the ability to elicit hidden assumptions, persuasion, and summarization of complicated material.
  • An undergraduate degree qualifies one for entry-level positions in business, nonprofit organizations, and government.
  • Graduate and/or professional studies usually lead to careers in law, medicine, ministry, finance, psychology, counseling, diplomacy, ethics, and related areas.
  • Ph.D. is required for college/university teaching and research.
  • Concentrations with other areas can include mathematics, religion, science, history, women's studies, Eastern philosophy, and medical or business ethics.
  • Develop aptitudes for analytical thinking, logic, and statistics in order to apply philosophy to a broad range of professions such as law, government, finance, management, consulting, and related areas.
  • Join related student or professional organizations.
  • Seek related summer or part-time work experience or internships in area(s) of interest.
  • Take computer courses to increase employment opportunities.

Prepared by the Career Planning staff of Career Services at The University of Tennessee, Knoxville. (2005) UTK is an EEO/AA/Title VI/Title IX/Section
504/ADA /ADEA Employer.


The Philosophical Gourmet Report 
American Academy of Religion